Ashleigh AngellSeptember 19, 20186850
How You Can Recycle Your Solar Panels
While solar panels have a long life - about 30 years - the need for recycling the panels is increasing. Because of the high numbers of new solar panel users entering the solar energy market every single day, the need to find resources to recycle these panels is becoming something looming over peoples’ heads. While these recycling services are still very new, with the need for their existence just now starting out, this market is necessary and will grow in the upcoming years, as the needs of the consumers demand it.
The Environmental Need for Solar Panel Recycling
One of the main reasons solar panel recycling is becoming increasingly important is because of the environmental need for its existence. While the main drive for solar energy is the environmental need for it, the waste caused by solar panels that have reached their life’s end is also a detriment to the environment. At the end of the panels’ lifespans, around thirty years after their installation, the crystalline silicon the panels are made out of will start having a decline in energy production, which means it’ll be time to dispose of them through the proper means. On top of the silicon, other materials in the solar panels include cadmium and lead. These are extremely harmful to the environment. If thrown into a landfill, the effects of these heavy metals will start to have a damaging effect to the environment.
The Economic Need for Solar Panel Recycling
The environment is not the only thing that sees the effects of inappropriate solar panel disposal. The photovoltaic cells in solar panels contain rare elements such as gallium and indium. These elements are slowly being depleted from our planet. By recycling the solar panels, we will be able to conserve them and reuse them. By recycling solar panels, billions of dollars may be recovered.
How to Know When It’s Time to Recycle Your Solar Panel
As stated before, the silicon in solar panels have a lifespan of around years. When the energy depletion in the solar panels becomes apparent, it’s time to find ways to recycle the solar panel.
Which Parts of a Solar Panel Can Be Recycled?
Because not every part of a solar panel can be used again, it’s important to learn which parts of your panel are able to be used effectively for future products. For starters, the parts that make up the solar panels are silicon, metal, glass, wires, and plexiglass. Things like the metal, glass, and wiring are all able to be recycled as normal. The silicon is not recyclable, however, by looking up specialty recycling companies, some are able to reuse the silicon cells by a process of melting them and reclaiming them. While it’s not difficult to recycle something like glass, it is difficult to break apart your solar panel in order to recycle each part in the specific way it needs.
How Can a Solar Panel Be Recycled?
While many recycling facilities have been able to take in solar panels, they were only able to recycle the glass and metal. Because of this, all the other parts were disposed of by other means. However, there are several companies today looking to change this.
In Europe, Veolia exists, which specializes in panel recycling. In the US, Recycle PV is attempting to move recycled US panels to European facilities to avoid the lack of government regulation. Some manufacturers of solar panels also offer recycling programs so that they can repurpose the systems.
While solar panel recycling is not yet widespread, the necessity will open the market shortly, and knowing all the facts is an important first step to being prepared to recycle your solar panels.
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