Francisco CastroJune 6, 20191360
After scientists at Bell Labs in New Jersey unveiled the first working solar cell in 1954, the technology was helped in great part by the “space decade” of the 1960s, when the space industry began to use it to provide solar power aboard their spacecraft. The Vanguard 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite powered by solar cells and remains the oldest man-made satellite in orbit – logging more than 6 billion miles.
The energy crisis of the 1970s brought this technology closer to Earth. But it was still too expensive, simply out of reach for the large majority of homeowners. In fact, the typical price of a solar panel in 1975 was about 227 times higher than it is today at $101.5/watt versus $0.447/watt.
The price of solar energy is now making it easy and affordable for just about anyone to get a home solar energy system, which is fueling the rapid expansion of the industry.
A solar photovoltaic (PV) system is not installed every four minutes.
That popularity is also backed by an array of incentives, both at the federal, state and local level that help reduce the initial price of a domestic solar power system even further.
Here’s a breakdown of some of these programs and you can take advantage of them.
Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC)
Don’t ever say the federal government doesn’t give you anything! This is a biggie as it allows you to take a 30% credit on the cost of your solar equipment and installation, but only through 2019. The ITC has been available since 2005, but next year (unless Congress passes an exemption, which at this point is not likely) it will begin to drop to 26% before moving down further to 22% in 2021 and then disappearing completely after that.
The ITC is also available to the commercial, industrial, utility, and agricultural sectors, that will still be able to get a permanent 10% credit even after it phases out for homeowners.
Just to clarify, this is not a deduction, but a credit you can take against money owed to the government, but it can be substantial.
This reduction in benefits has motivated many homeowners and businesses to install solar sooner rather than later. There is even speculation that the phase down will further push more people to install solar panels, meaning solar installers will be very busy in the second part of this year.
Accelerated Depreciation Bonus
For business, under this federal incentive, the cost of the system can be fully depreciated in the first year. Considering the new corporate tax rate, this means the federal government offers to cover up to 21 percent of a solar system’s cost with this depreciation.
The bonus came as in response to the economic downturn of 2008, when Congress took action to further incentivize capital investment by accelerating the depreciation schedule economy-wide, explains the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA).
Under the law, businesses1 may claim 100% bonus depreciation on what the rules now define as “qualified property.” Property that is acquired and placed in service after Sept. 27, 2017, and before Jan. 1, 2023.
Solar Renewable Energy Credits (SRECs)
Businesses and homeowners can also generate a revenue stream from solar by actively trading SRECs. These are certificates for energy that they can sell to the utility. SRECs behave like stock certificates, and are bought and sold on a dedicated market. The SREC market varies from state to state, so look up the state that offer it at www.srectrade.com.
The SREC is sold separately from the electricity and represents the "solar" aspect of the electricity that was produced. The value of an SREC is determined by the market subject to supply and demand constraints.
In general terms, 1 SREC is equal to 1 kWh of solar electricity. A 10 kW facility generates around 12 SRECs annually.
With net metering, businesses and homeowners can sell excess solar electricity to their utility company in exchange for credits towards the next bill for the power they get from the grid when the solar panels aren’t generating any power.
In order to take full advantage of this, your solar installer needs to make a detailed evaluation of your annual and monthly energy needs and have a solar power system match that.
To find the appropriate size of solar array for your home or business, simply access the Hahasmart price checker. Provide your address and monthly electric costs and you will get an estimated price of the panels and inverter - the most expensive parts of a solar energy system. They’ll also provide you with an estimate for the cost of installation based on thousands of completed solar projects in your area. All you have to do is provide your address and your average monthly utility bill.
They’ll even provide you with an estimated buyback period, the point where the electricity savings cover the purchase of your residential solar panels and your system becomes free.
In addition, they’ll connect you with their installer network to get your residence equipped with solar power as possible.
Besides these incentives, states offer their own rebates and programs to make it easier to switch to this green energy. Even Texas, where electricity is very inexpensive compared to other states, is very generous in this regard.
For one the Lone Star State offers a 100% property tax exemption for solar, meaning you won’t see an increase in this regard when after the installation of solar panels. Several utility companies also offer rebates that can pay for a part of your domestic solar power system.
But Vermont is even more generous, as it has an Investment Tax Credit option that also offers up to 30% of eligible costs. And in Alabama you receive a $1,000 installation incentive and ongoing benefits for the next 20 years of your solar power system.
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